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Frequency bands in Nepal for Mobile

As we have been getting requests from people throughout the world regarding the operating frequency for different mobile technologies in Nepal, we are here providing you the different frequency bands for running mobile services here. It is the regulator body (Nepal Telecommunication Authority) that provides a chunk of frequency in different frequency bands to the Mobile Operators. Mobile communication has started in Nepal in 1999 with the launching of GSM service by Nepal Telecom. (For more history, click here)

At first, it was only in 900 MHz for 2G GSM and then after several years, 1800 MHz was available. The private operator, then Spice Nepal started service in Nepal in 2005 with Mero Mobile Brand (Now Ncell). Nepal Telecom enjoyed a full monopoly until Mero Mobile service was launched to different parts of the country.


In 2002, CDMA mobile service was launched in Nepal by UTL operated in 850 MHz bands. Similarly, Nepal Telecom also has the CDMA mobile service operating in the same 850 MHz band which comes from WLL, limited mobility to a full mobility service now.

As 4 MHz bandwidth in CDMA 850 MHz overlaps with the EGSM band (900 MHz), that small chunk is made unavailable to the operators. Smart Telecom and NTSTPL have also got small chunks of bandwidth in GSM 900(EGSM)/1800 MHz. UTL, the Indian investment of telecom in Nepal operated CDMA in 1900 MHz band before whereas it is now made vacant as per NTA directives.

ALSO READ: CDMA to shut down in Nepal from the year 2022.

3G and 4G

3G (WCDMA) mobile service was launched in Nepal by Nepal Telecom in 2007 which is on 2100 MHz Frequency band. Ncell even started its 3G service in 2010. Both of the operators have got 10 MHz bandwidth each in the 2100 MHz band. The latest addition to the technology in Nepal is LTE (4G).

Nepal Telecom launched 4G service in the 1800 MHz band on Jan 1, 2017. Nepal also has WiMAX internet service which is operational at 2300 MHz by Nepal Telecom. On June 1, 2017, Ncell launched 4G in Kathmandu, Nagarkot, Dhulikhel, and Banepa. Both Ntc and Ncell have been aggressively expanding their 4G LTE mobile network throughout the country. Click here to know more about Ncell 4G coverage.

On October 29, Smart Telecom, the third-largest telecom operator has launched its 4G service in Kathmandu and Pokhara. Smart Telecom has also expanded its 4G network but not to the extent of Ntc, and Ncell. Find more information on Smart Cell 4G. Ncell has already operated 3G in 900 MHz in rural areas, reaching out to more areas and people. After expanding the new 4G network, NTC 4G has now reached more than 2000 locations of all 77 districts. Ncell has also started operating 4G LTE on 900 MHz now, with which it expects to boost the coverage and speed.

Nepal Telecom has been using two bands for its 4G LTE network namely 1800 MHz and 800 MHz. Find more info on the Nepal Telecom 4G bands and how to get the most out of them.

Table for Frequency bands in Nepal

Here is a table for all the frequency bands in Nepal for different technologies.

Technology Frequency Operator
LTE (4G) 1800 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz Nepal Telecom, Ncell, Smart Cell
GSM 900 MHz/ 1800 MHz Nepal Telecom, Ncell, Smart Telecom
CDMA 850 MHz/ 1900 MHz UTL, Nepal Telecom
WCDMA (3G) 2100 MHz, 900 MHz Nepal Telecom, Ncell
WiMAX 2300 MHz Nepal Telecom

To make our portal more informative, we have provided the cellular frequencies for different mobile services in Nepal. We hope the above frequency information is helpful for all those people coming to Nepal or those who want to buy phones abroad but to use them here in Nepal.

Allocation of Spectrum to the telcos

Telcos need the spectrum resource to operate a wireless/mobile network. NTA, the regulator assigns chunks of the frequency spectrum to all of the telecom operators in Nepal.

Here is the spectrum with the bandwidth in several bands, allocated to the telcos by NTA. This is the updated allocation after they performed refarming in the 1800 MHz band and awarded 20 MHz continuous airwaves to Ncell.

Frequency allocation band NTA Nepal

What to do while buying a smartphone abroad?

Many countries have different technologies and frequency bands for mobile technology. They even use customized handsets for the frequency bands operated in their country or group of countries or regions. So, you need to be cautious of the spectrum band support in the phone available there.

Take China as an example, which prefers their own (China-made) TDD technology like TD-SCDMA, TDD LTE and you need to be careful while buying phones there. Similar is the case for other countries like the US, Australia where they use other frequency bands for 3G, and 4G technology.

ALSO READ: Things to check before buying a 4G phone in Nepal.

Recently handset manufacturers have started putting all frequency bands (quad-band, Pentaband) and all technologies to make it a universal phone, considering their overseas market. Even though you have to be careful while expending your hard-earned money.

There may be some regional versions of the same smartphone (as you can see in iPhone, Samsung Galaxy phones, and even Chinese makers like Xiaomi, Huawei, Vivo, Oppo). So, if you become aware of the spectrum/technology operational here in Nepal and buy the phones that support those spectrum band and technologies will obviously help you to select the phones that work well in your home country.

If you have a query regarding the frequency band for 2G, 3G, and 4G in Nepal, do ask us or contact us on our social network: Facebook page.

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