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Although there are places where 4G has not yet reached, people should not stop talking about 5G, its service, and applications. After all, it is the future of mobile communication technology. When we talk of 5G, it is not only the fiber-like data speeds. But it is gonna be a big revolution in the way we do telecommunication. There will be a lot of 5G services and applications which we will discuss here. Having said that, the very first 5G network has started to appear in some countries, with limited 5G coverage.
As the first 5G standard has been already approved, telecom vendors and smartphone makers have started testing the technology with several operators all around the world. After some hit & trials, review and the realization in hardware, the field-proven 5G network will gradually be available for the customers. Although 5G networks are being on-aired in developed countries, wide-spread 5G coverage can only happen after 2020, as per the recent speculation in the industry.
Now, let’s give a simple definition of 5G and the range of services, applications with it.
5G is a fifth-generation technology standard for mobile communication. If you know or heard somewhere how the mobile network evolve from the first generation (1G) to 2G to 3G to 4G, then you still know the half. You probably have realized how voice-centric communication has evolved to a data-centric till 4G. That had happened with a multifold increase in the data speeds and reliability. Well, 5G has more to give than the ultra-high-speed of data transfer, which is higher than 10 Gbps DL. With that, you can download 4K videos or HD movies to your device in a matter of seconds.
5G cells are also known to provide the bandwidth for the huge number of Internet of things (IoT) devices. Imagining a connected world (every device and elements connecting to the internet), 5G will design to handle such huge no of devices and the bandwidth speed.
Such mammoth speed in wireless requires an enormous frequency bandwidth as well. So, 5G will operate in the range of above 30 GHz to 300 GHz, which is the mmWave frequencies. But there will be 5G networks in lower frequency bands (< 6 GHz) just to make up for the mmWave 5G. It is due to the reason that mmWave 5G signal cannot penetrate inside the buildings. But lower frequency band 5G can provide coverage due to its better propagation characteristics. Another spectrum band for 5G also include a range from 3GHz to 24 GHz, also called Mid band spectrum.
To realize such bandwidth, 5G also incorporates several technologies like NR, Small cells, MIMO, and beam-forming. So, if we want to make use of the real 5G connection speed, then you should also change your handset or device to be able to support those technologies and multiple antennas.
Here are some of the characteristics of the network to qualify for 5G.
Although Nepal Government intends to introduce 5G in Nepal, there is no proper plan, policy for spectrum and other requirements in place for 5G. CG Telecom, which is struggling to get the mobile license, had already inked a deal with Turkcell for the 5G network. But the future looms dark for the operator.
Operators can make use of the ultra high speed for giving super HD and virtually real multimedia experience. 5G can provide the almost real-time streaming in their VR headset in a sports or concert stadium.
With such Ultra high-speed capability, operators have also started to think of using fixed 5G for your home broadband. For this, sooner the 5G modems start to appear, operators in the US will provide this 5G speeds sooner to households.
As 5G is all about connecting all the possible devices, 5G powers the required bandwidth to each of them. Apart from the bandwidth-hungry and high power devices, there will be low powered low capacity and long life devices called IoT. There could be several case for different services or applications that IoT capable devices can provide with 5G.
Here are some of the applications of 5G services with < 1 ms latency and > 10 Gbps speed.
Although some of the connected devices and services are already in place with 4G, 3G, and even 2G, they are known to be much efficient for the telcos and device battery life with 5G. There are many other services and applications for the use of 5G networks and IoT.
Isn’t it a revolution rather than just an evolution, that the 5G comes with? But it takes a whole lot of chain effect and coordination that vendors, telcos, device makers engage to make the 5G a reality. We will update each significant update for 5G, so stay tuned.
Tell us what do you want to know about 5G technology and 5G service. We will try to answer it for you.