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How to get Wifi internet connection at home in Nepal?

Technology and services for internet service connection from ISPs

Internet is one of the essential services for people for various purposes be it entertainment, social network sites, professional or office work and more. These days, most of the people put an internet connection at home to share among the family members. Some even share the same internet connection with the neighbors. Nepal has seen rapid growth in the internet connection at home, also called home broadband. The ISP (Internet service providers) in Nepal have also grown in numbers and so has the internet speed (high speed of up to 50 Mbps). This post, we will provide information on how to get/subscribe Wifi internet connection at home in Nepal.

When we talk of the internet at home, the ultimate access towards the end devices is WiFi. But the WiFi network at home needs to be connected to the service provided by any Internet Service provider (ISP). There is around 35 ISP (Internet service providers) in Nepal. Some of them have services in the whole of the country while some have availability only in the small local area. These ISP’s also have different technology/services to provide the internet connection at home.

Technologies for an Internet connection at home

Here are some of the technology/service solutions to connect home internet in Nepal, provided by ISPs and telcos.

  • ADSL
  • Fiber internet (FTTH)
  • Coaxial cable internet
  • WiMAX
  • WiFi
  • Other wireless
  • Cellular internet from 3G, 4G

Among those technology/services, we would like to discuss each one of them based on their popularity/ease of usage.

ADSL

How to get Wifi internet connection at home in Nepal?
Ntc ADSL

ADSL stands for Asymmetric digital subscriber Line, which is the best and cheapest option for internet connection at home but there’s a catch. As the ADSL uses the traditional copper wire from the telco office to customer’s home, the link performance (and so the internet speed) degrades with the length and condition of the wire. You also need to have a landline phone to use the ADSL service.

ALSO READ: How to improve ADSL speed problem in Nepal.

Provider: Nepal Telecom only provides the ADSL service from their PSTN landline phone.

Speed: The maximum speed that you can get with ADSL is 5 Mbps. Nepal Telecom upgrades their ADSL service and the speed. Read more for NTC ADSL speed.

Cost: The cost of an unlimited 5 Mbps ADSL service is Rs 800 per month. There are six monthly and yearly package that is a little bit cheaper. Similarly, you can get the volume based packages as well. Read here for Ntc ADSL.

What is needed for ADSL?

To use the ADSL service, a customer needs to have the following.

  • A landline phone connection (if you do not have a landline phone, you need to apply for connection).
  • ADSL modem with WiFi (and Splitter), which you can buy from the market.
  • Registration of ADSL for an existing telephone line or new one costs Rs 200.

Pros:

  • A landline phone ensures the availability of ADSL for your home.
  • A cheap option for normal users
  • No need extra wire connection

Cons:

  • Speed performance deteriorates with the distance from the telco office.
  • Support not readily available.

Fiber internet (FTTH)

Ntc FTTH

Fiber internet (FTTH) is another popular & latest technology/service for internet connection at home. It uses optical fiber to provide high speed, reliable and quality internet service to your fixed locations (home or office). The speed and performance of Fiber internet are quite good compared over other technologies. Private ISP’s have increased the reach of this fiber internet service in the major areas of the country. Nepal Telecom has also started distributing in some of the areas of the country, you will be lucky to have the availability at your place. Recently Nepal Telecom announced to expand this service to more places of the country.

Provider: Private ISP (Like Subisu, WorldLink, Vianet) and Nepal Telecom

Speed: 8 Mbps to 60 Mbps (unlimited with FUP)

Cost: Rs 800 to Rs 2500 (costs less if you pay for a year), Set-top box deposit (Rs 500 to 100) and fiber cable: Rs 1000 to Rs 500.

What is needed for FTTH?

To use the Fiber internet service, you need to have the following

  • Fiber can reach to your place or already there due to demand.
  • FTTH modem/Set-top box (in most of cases, ISP’s provide this to the customers)
  • Just make a call to private ISPs for your place, then they will serve you well.

Pros:

  • Reliable performance and fast speed as per requirement.
  • Fast support and ease of service installation.
  • IPTV (TV service) come as an added value

Cons:

  • Coverage may not be available everywhere (only in city areas)
  • Maybe expensive to some for the high speed
  • Need extra fiber connectivity to your home (if you already have Nepal Telecom phone connection). But with Nepal Telecom’s FTTH, free voice phone also comes added with the FTTH.
  • For heavy and high multimedia users, speed degradation may apply due to FUP (Fair Usage Policy).

Cable internet

Cable internet is a technology which uses coaxial cable for internet along with the already available cable TV service. The internet from cable was introduced in Nepal with the wide availability of cable TV service. They reached to Nepal before the fiber internet. Some of the ISPs provide the same internet package (as fiber internet) to cable internet.

Provider: Cable TV provider cum ISPs like Subisu and more.

Speed: 10 Mbps to 60 Mbps

Cost: Rs 1000 to Rs 2000, CPE/Cable modem: Rs 2000, cable cost Rs 25 per meter.

What is needed?

To use the cable internet service, you need to have the following

  • Cable TV already at home (which has become digital now) Or where the cable can reach
  • Set-top box or digital cable modem (with Wifi)
  • Just make a call to the cable internet service provider which provides internet service.

Pros:

  • Better performance than ADSL and other wireless systems
  • Better support and ease of installation
  • Only one cable to use for cable TV and internet

Cons:

  • Lower performance than Fiber, speed deteriorates with long cable length. (Hybrid fiber+coxial can remove this degradation)
  • May not be available everywhere.
  • Fewer choices of providers
  • FUP applies and affect some heavy users.

WiMAX

How to get Wifi internet connection at home in Nepal?

As we see the disadvantages of some internet solutions, the wired connection may not be available everywhere. For those locations, there is some wireless solution for internet service. One of them that is available in major areas is WiMAX. Although being a limited coverage and limited customers, WiMAX has been serving people for Home broadband internet and internet in a vehicle since 2013.

Provider: Nepal Telecom (NTC)

Speed: 512 kbps to 2 Mbps

Cost: Rs 1500 per month, CPE costs Rs 2000 to Rs 12000 (based on the type of indoor or outdoor)

What is needed?

  • WiMAX coverage
  • CPE device (Indoor dongle or Outdoor)
  • Need to visit Ntc office for registration.

Pros:

  • Best for areas with no availability of wired internet
  • Used perfectly for internet in vehicles buses (long routes)
  • Fewer users, so no issue of sharing.

Cons:

  • Limited coverage area and limited speed (Speed deteriorates with distance and signal strength).
  • Cannot confirm the availability of the service at your place easily (need to visit Ntc office).
  • Expensive CPE or WiMAX device

WiFi internet

All of the internet services above require some modem or CPE device for the connectivity. It may seem WiFi does not need an extra device as WiFi is there inbuilt on Laptop and smartphone. But as we need to share the same Wifi connection with multiple users, a Wifi router is also required. Some of the internet service providers (ISP) have limited Wifi internet coverage in some limited areas.

Providers: Private ISP like Broadlink and small local ISPs

Speed: 10 Mbps to 60 Mbps

Cost: Rs 1000 to 3000, Drop Wire: Rs 1100, Router: Rs 2500

What do you need?

  • Good WiFI coverage
  • Antenna or receiver at home top
  • WiFi Router

Pros

  • Easy setup and Good for the remote area if local wifi can cover by local ISP or community based
  • Wide area availability if a single user and use the same account in multiple areas.

Cons

  • Limited coverage and low performance in shaded or low height areas
  • Use of routers to share among family

There may be some other wireless point to point solution for specific areas but we need to confirm for their presence from the popular wireless internet service providers like Worldlink, Mercantile and more. The cost of the service may also vary according to the remoteness.

Cellular internet 3G, 4G (Mobile broadband)

How to get Wifi internet connection at home in Nepal?

For the areas with the nonavailability of any of the fixed broadband solutions, People have no option but to go for Mobile broadband using 3G, 4G. Such mobile broadband is now available from Nepal Telecom, Ncell and Smart Telecom. Nepal Telecom and Ncell’s 3G is available in all of the 77 districts. Ncell has the widest 4G coverage in the country and also the fastest internet as per latest NTA study. Smart Telecom also has 4G coverage in 19 districts.

Providers: Nepal Telecom (NTC), Ncell, Smart

Speed: 5 Mbps to 20 Mbps

Cost: per data packs, Ntc 12 GB at Rs 990 (Spring offer), Ncell 16 GB at Rs 1020 (Sahi data packs), Smart 10GB at Rs 407 (Double data  offer)

What do you need?

  • Use USB dongle or smartphone with 3G, 4G capability or 3G 4G Wifi device
  • Purchase higher volume data packs or unlimited packs (1 hour or night)

Pros

  • Wider area coverage in city areas
  • Can use the available smartphone as a hotspot (no need of extra device)

Cons

  • Not a cost effective solution as you have pay per MB
  • Wireless broadband packs still not available for home & family sharing.

Solution for internet at the office.

The above technology/services at home may not be feasible to use for small business or organizations considering more users, high speed and high-reliability requirement. Well, most of the technologies are the same for offices, but they have customized it to suit them. ISPs also provide specific packages for those organization and business offices.

Mostly this business prefers fiber internet FTTH, leased lines with higher speed and better reliability.

Verdict

Having discussed all of the technologies and services for an internet solution for home and office, we now know which service suits your requirement. As people have a different preference for the internet solution in their place, they could reach the best one that is available there.

As a general rule for internet connection at home, we can recommend these solutions

  • For City Area, high-speed requirement, go for fiber internet (FTTH) or cable internet
  • Areas with landline phone (not far from telco office) with average speed requirement, go for ADSL
  • For remote areas and not a high-speed requirement, check for a wireless solution that is available.

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