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Internet is one of the essential services for people for various purposes be it entertainment, social network sites, professional or office work, and more. These days, most people put an internet connection at home to share among the family members. Some even share the same internet connection with the neighbors. Nepal has seen rapid growth in internet connection at home, also called home broadband. The ISP (Internet service providers) in Nepal have also grown in numbers and so has the internet speed (high speed of up to 100 Mbps). In this post, we will provide information on how to get/subscribe to a Wifi internet connection at home in Nepal.
When we talk of the internet at home, the ultimate access to the end devices is WiFi. But the WiFi network at home needs to be connected to the service provided by any Internet Service provider (ISP). There are more than 35 ISPs (Internet service providers) in Nepal. Some of them have services in the whole of the country while some have availability only in the small local area. These ISP’s also have different technology/services to provide the internet connection at home.
Here are some of the technology/service solutions to connect home internet in Nepal, provided by ISPs and telcos.
Among those technology/services, we would like to discuss each one of them based on their popularity/ease of usage.
ADSL stands for Asymmetric digital subscriber line, which is the cheapest option for internet connection at home but there’s a catch. As the ADSL uses the traditional copper wire from the telco office to the customer’s home, the link performance (and so the internet speed) degrades with the length and condition of the wire. You also need to have a landline phone to use the ADSL service.
Provider: Nepal Telecom only provides the ADSL service from their PSTN landline phone.
Speed: The maximum speed that you can get with ADSL is 5 Mbps. Even with the up-gradation, the speed of the ADSL internet has been slow these days, but it depends on the distance and the connection (more below).
Cost: The cost of an unlimited 5 Mbps ADSL service is Rs 800 per month. There are six monthly and yearly package that is a little bit cheaper. Similarly, you can get the volume-based packages as well. Find detailed information on Nepal Telecom ADSL service.
To use the ADSL service, a customer needs to have the following.
Fiber internet (FTTH) is another popular & latest technology/service for internet connection at home. It uses optical fiber to provide high-speed, reliable, and quality internet service to your fixed locations (home or office). The speed and performance of Fiber internet are quite good compared to other technologies. Private ISP’s have increased the reach of this fiber internet service to the major areas of the country. Nepal Telecom has been distributing fiber internet in various parts of the country and it has gained the highest number of subscribers in the pandemic period.
Provider: Private ISP (Like Subisu, WorldLink, Vianet) and Nepal Telecom
Speed: 8 Mbps to 100 Mbps (unlimited with FUP)
Cost: Rs 800 to Rs 2500 (costs less if you pay for a year), Set-top box deposit (Rs 500 to 100), and fiber cable: Rs 1000 to Rs 500. NTC provides fiber and set-top box free if you already have a landline phone and change your connection to fiber for phone, internet.
To use the Fiber internet service, you need to have the following
Cable internet is a technology that uses coaxial cable for the internet along with the already available cable TV service. The internet from cable was introduced in Nepal with the wide availability of cable TV service. They reached to Nepal before the fiber internet. Some of the ISPs provide the same internet package (as fiber internet) to cable internet.
Provider: Cable TV provider and ISPs like Subisu and more.
Speed: 10 Mbps to 60 Mbps
Cost: Rs 1000 to Rs 2000, CPE/Cable modem: Rs 2000, cable cost Rs 25 per meter.
What is needed?
To use the cable internet service, you need to have the following
As we see the disadvantages of some internet solutions, the wired connection may not be available everywhere. For those locations, there is some wireless solution for internet service. One of them that is available in major areas is WiMAX. Although being a limited coverage and limited customers, WiMAX has been serving people for Home broadband internet and internet in a vehicle since 2013. Ntc already has a plan to shut down this technology in the future.
Provider: Nepal Telecom (NTC)
Speed: 512 kbps to 2 Mbps
Cost: Rs 1500 per month, CPE costs Rs 2000 to Rs 12000 (based on the type of indoor or outdoor)
What is needed?
All of the internet services above require some modem or CPE device for connectivity. It may seem WiFi does not need an extra device as WiFi is there inbuilt on Laptop and smartphone. But as we need to share the same Wifi connection with multiple users, a Wifi router is also required. Some of the internet service providers (ISP) have limited Wifi internet coverage in some limited areas.
Providers: Private ISP like Broadlink and small local ISPs
Speed: 10 Mbps to 60 Mbps
Cost: Rs 1000 to 3000, Drop Wire: Rs 1100, Router: Rs 2500
What do you need?
There may be some other wireless point-to-point solutions for specific areas but we need to confirm their presence from the popular wireless internet service providers like Worldlink, Mercantile, and more. The cost of the service may also vary according to the remoteness.
For the areas with the non-availability of any of the fixed broadband solutions, People have no option but to go for Mobile broadband using 3G, 4G. Such mobile broadband is now available from Nepal Telecom, Ncell, and Smart Telecom. Nepal Telecom and Ncell’s 3G is available in all of the 77 districts. Nepal Telecom 4G coverage is available in all 77 districts while Ncell 4G is available in around 40 districts. Smart Telecom also has 4G coverage in 19 districts.
For the Mobile broadband fixed at home, Ncell has launched Wirefree plus home net offer which offers limited volume (25GB to 60GB) data over 4G. It costs Rs 500 to Rs 900 per month and suits a limited usage at places with no other options. Similarly, Nepal Telecom has brought 4G Wireless home broadband solutions which cost Rs 900 to Rs 1500 for 60GB and 120GB of data over 4G.
Apart from the special broadband pack, you can also buy a special 4G/3G dongle/SIM Wifi router and buy special package to use it for your home.
Providers: Nepal Telecom (NTC), Ncell, Smart
Speed: 5 Mbps to 20 Mbps
What do you need?
The above technology/services at home may not be feasible to use for small businesses or organizations considering more users, high speed, and high-reliability requirements. Well, most of the technologies are the same for offices, but they have customized them to suit them. ISPs also provide specific packages for those organizations and business offices.
Mostly this business prefers fiber internet FTTH, leased lines with higher speed, and better reliability.
Having discussed all of the technologies and services for an internet solution for home and office, we now know which service suits your requirements. As people have a different preference for the internet solution in their place, they could reach the best one that is available there.
As a general rule for internet connection at home, we can recommend these solutions
We recommend you check the Best ISPs in Nepal with a comparison of speed and offers.