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Telecommunication In Nepal: Milestones

History of Telecommunication in Nepal dates back to 1913 when the first telephone line was introduced in Kathmandu with an open-wire trunk between Kathmandu and Raxual (Indian border town) in 1914. With the evolution of the services from the early days, we have reached a much developed telecom market here in Nepal, along with the introduction of advanced technologies.

Telecom operators in Nepal.

To date, there are six Telecom operators with a broad range of technologies (Landline / Mobile / WLL) like PSTN, ADSL, GSM, CDMA, WCDMA, LTE, EVDO, NGN, SIP. Nepal Telecom (previously Nepal Telecommunication Corporation) is the incumbent operator, owned by the government of Nepal being the only one landline operator. It has almost all services/technologies in almost all areas of the nation. Among them, Nepal Telecom (NTC) and Ncell are the only telcos that have nationwide mobile coverage.

Ncell (previously Spice Nepal), previously Teliasonera associate (now an Axiata company) is a fast-growing GSM operator of the nation. It adopts new business strategies and approaches to allure customers to their network. STM Sanchar, an American invest is a rural basic telephony operator with a satellite link, especially available in Mountainous Region where there is no option for other services.

Now CG Telecom acquired the whole STM Sanchar telecom company. UTL, United Telecom is a joint venture of three Indian Telecom giants( MTNL, TCIL, TCL) with Nepal Ventures Private Limited (NVPL), operating in CDMA technology for WLL and Mobile. But UTL’s service is not available now.

Unified license.

Among Others, Nepal satellite and Smart cell are two operators given GSM License and frequency operating in different Rural VDC (Village Development Committee) and later to get the license to operate all over the nation (including populous cities Kathmandu, Biratnagar, Pokhara, etc). UTL, Smart has already got the unified license to operate GSM service in all parts of the country.

4G operators in Nepal.

Nepal Telecom had launched 4G LTE service in Kathmandu and Pokhara at the beginning of the year 2017. Ncell then introduced 4G in major cities of Nepal and become the one with widest 4G Coverage. Similarly, Smart telecom has also expanded its 4G coverage to 19 districts. Another telecom operator CG Telecom had inked a huge deal with Huawei for a 4G network but they are yet to receive the mobile telephony license called the unified license.

Nepal Telecom expands 4G service to all 77 districts but not all parts of the country. They are known to expand 4G to all areas of the country.

Ntc Ncell Smart Telecom

History of Telecommunication in Nepal with milestones.

Here are some major milestones in the history of telecommunication of Nepal.

S.NYearTelecom Milestone Event
12020NTC 4G reaches to all 77 districts of Nepal
22017NTC starts the migration of old TDM landlines to IP based phones.
32017 Nepal Telecom, Ncell, and Smart Cell launches 4G Service in Nepal
42016Axiata bought 80 pc stake in Ncell, from Teliasonera
52016Tele-density crosses 100 percent in Nepal
62011Overall Teledensity of Nepal crossed 50 percent.
72011Launching of GSM 3G Data Only Service (Nepal Telecom)
82011Launching of EasyPhone SIP PPP Service (Nepal Telecom)
92010 Launching of EasyPhone SIP EasyCall Service (Nepal Telecom)
102010High-Speed Internet on the Top of the world (Ncell)
112010Soft Launch of EasyPhone IP Call Service (Nepal Telecom)
122010High-Speed data Card launched from Ncell. Ncell Connect.
132010EVDO Service started (Nepal Telecom)
142010Blackberry Service launched in Ncell.
152010Mero Mobile Rebranded to Ncell.
162009Postpaid CDMA Mobile Service started (Nepal Telecom)
172008  Smart Tel awarded a license for GSM rural telephony for 4 Development regions other than EDR.
182008Broadband ADSL Service launched. (Nepal Telecom)
192008Nepal Satellite TeleCommunications awarded a license for GSM rural telephony in MWDR.
202008TeliaSonera Acquired Ncell, then Spice Nepal (Ncell)
212007 GPRS, 3G, and CRBT Services introduced in GSM Mobile. (Nepal Telecom)
222007Expansion of Internet Bandwidth via Optical link between Nepal & India. (Nepal Telecom)
232007National Roaming for CDMA Mobile (Sky Phone) started. (Nepal Telecom)
242006CDMA Limited Servies in Kathmandu Valley. (Nepal Telecom)
252005 Access Network Services. (Nepal Telecom)
262005Soft launch of CDMA. (Nepal Telecom)
272005Mero Mobile GSM Service launched (Ncell)
282004Prepaid Calling Card Service (IN Services).(Nepal Telecom)
292004NEPAL TELECOM(Transformation from Corporation to a Company)
302003GSM Prepaid Service. (Nepal Telecom)
312003STM Telecom Sanchar licensed for rural Telephony.
322002East-West Highway Optical Fiber Project (Nepal Telecom)
332002UTL got the license for CDMA WLL and Limited mobility.
342000 Launching of Internet Service. (Nepal Telecom)
352000Implementation of SDH Microwave Radio. (Nepal Telecom)
361999Launching of GSM Mobile services. (Nepal Telecom)
371997Digital Link with D.O.T. India through Optical Fiber in Birgunj – Raxual.(Nepal Telecom)
381996 Introduction of VSAT services. (Nepal Telecom)
391996Independent Int. Gateway Exchange established.
401996Automation of the entire Telephone Network
411996Conversion of all Transmission link to Digital transmission link
421995Installation of Optical Fiber Network
431984 Commencement of STD service
441983 Establishment of digital Telephone Exchange
451965First Automatic exchange in Nepal (1000 lines in Kathmandu)
461964 Beginning of International Telecommunications Service (HF Radio) to India and Pakistan
471962First Public Telephone Exchange in Kathmandu (300 lines CB)
481955Distribution of telephone line to the general public
491935 Installation of 25 lines automatic exchange in Royal Palace
501914 Establishment of Open wire Trunk Link from Kathmandu to Raxaul (India)
511913 Establishment of first telephone lines in Kathmandu

We suggest you read Telecommunications in Nepal: Current state and needs >>

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